…the continuation of Jack Stettner’s story and the Veterans Air Express UNRRA contract.
The United Nations Relief & Rehabilitation Administration awarded a Veterans Air Express UNRRA contract as part of the UN’s World War II war relief effort. In so doing, Veterans became the first civilian air cargo service to fly behind the “Iron Curtain.”
Jack Stettner flew copilot with Captain William Jakeman on the company’s first flight to Warsaw, 7 May thru 17 May, 1946. They flew NX58003, Veterans’ first DC-4, named GLOBE TROTTER.
This same aircraft had just been christened on 16 April 1946 in preparation for two back-to-back UNRRA cargo trips to Prague, delivering tons (literally) of hatching eggs. Jarmila Novotná, a celebrated Czech soprano and Metropolitan Opera star, did the splashing honors. [Please notice, I now know her name…courtesy of a Santa Fe Public Library InterLibraryLoan Librarian, one of my highly valued Veterans Air “network.”]
“Experimental” aircraft. Really?
(For you aviation buffs wondering about the “X” in the “NX” designation, an explanation: During the entire period of the company’s start-up phase (and perhaps short history), time was of the essence. According to Jack Stettner and other sources, the DC-4 needed major overhaul, modifications and re-certification from military to civilian life. And, in what later proved to be highly uncustomary cooperation from “the powers that be,” this DC-4 was given “Experimental” designation in order to expedite the UNRRA war relief flights. Thus the “NX” tail. Perhaps a story for future coverage.)
7 May to 17 May, 1946. Warsaw. 55,000 hatching eggs.
For this first Warsaw flight, Jack describes the crew’s concern with and attention to vital temperatures in the DC-4. As in the two previous UNRRA flights to Prague, the DC-4 temperature had to be closely regulated. “The hatching eggs had to be kept warm (within certain limits)…on the ground as well as in the air. If the temperature was too low, the eggs would no longer hatch. If too high, they would hatch prematurely (and die of starvation). So timing became important.”*
A different matter of life-and-death was flying over Russian-controlled Germany and needing Russian approval to do so. (While the war had been over nearly a year, the jittery Russians had quite recently shot down a U.S. C-47 (known in civilian terms as a DC-3). “Russian communications with their own anti-aircraft batteries was very poor and we would be shot down if we deviated in any way” was how Jack explained the criticality of their designated flight corridor.
In his film footage here, which I hope you’ve watched, John Noll recalls a Russian fighter escort “sitting on our wing” just to be sure Veterans did not deviate from the flight “plan” as they flew through that corridor. Jack remembers the Russian approvals for sure, but doesn’t recall the escort. (Another rubrics cube uncertainty to investigate.)
And, just like that, the company began to thrive.
But Jack Stettner did more than fly for Veterans. As one of those self-described “bunch of cocky kids,” it became evident that to be successful they had to get their act together. They had to do more than fly from Point A to Point B. Prompted by a “hard” lesson having to do with 30 barrels of lobsters (subject for another story), the Veterans founders/crew members decided to self-select areas they liked or suited their talents.
Jack volunteered for Operations ‘cause he could organize things. And “I-like-buying-things” said he’d become Purchasing Agent. And the high-flight-time guy stepped up to become Chief Pilot. Just like that. (Since I’m still searching for who did what and when, I’m missing some names here.) And the photos leave a lot of clarity to be desired. But I’m using what I have to show just a portion of media attention Veterans Air was garnering. National news magazines. National and daily newspapers. Aviation news publications. With their imaginations captured, they supplied readers with coverage — from 3-line entries to full features with photos.
And what was Saunie, the President, doing all this while? Besides flying, I do know my Dad dealt with the company attorney, Harvey G. Stevenson, no doubt. The caption calls the two men “Guiding Lights.” Harvey was the attorney for Brenner Produce Company and brought into Veterans business by Arthur and Nellie Brenner. Nellie had become Vice President Finance for Veterans. I’ve seen her signature and corporate title — on company stock certificates and warrants that Jack Stettner gifted to me. Thank you, Jack! Hugs. (Excuse us, folks, while we have a private moment!!)
My Dad also made arrangements in Sebring, FL., (where I also visited one week ago today – last Monday!) for an aircraft maintenance & refurbishment hangar and for refrigerated storage capacity for fresh produce cargo flights. (The rest of that Florida story coming up! Breakfast with Marilyn Gries! Hours with Allen Altvater at Sebring Airport and the Sebring Historical Society. And, even longer ago, cocktails with Paul Eason in Santa Fe!
And…and…and…as soon as I catch up with myself!
[This Post was originally drafted on 8/18/2015…and I’ve just gotten back to edit and add photos (9/8). So references like “visited (Sebring) one week ago today” are terribly outdated! My apologies, Dear Reader.)